A new solution has been built into the Ionic CLI, read about it here.
When building a hybrid app with Ionic, you will often need to load data from some API. When you are running your Ionic app in the browser using
ionic serve, it usually runs on
localhost:8100. However if you have to load data from another domain or port you might get this type of error.
No 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' header is present on the requested resource. Origin 'http://localhost:8100' is therefore not allowed access.
This is of course a problem for developers who need to load data from other domains. So browsers came up with the concept of Cross origin resource sharing (CORS). Essentially before a browser will make a cross domain XHR request (which is usually a GET or POST request), it first makes an ORIGIN request. This is often called the preflight request, and you can think of it like checking that a phone number is in service before being allowed to actually connect. This ORIGIN request is simple, it just asks the server a simple question, ‘Hey can I load this data?’. The server then decides if the requesting domain is allowed and says ’Yes’ or ‘No’.
The good news is if you have control over the data server, you can configure it to properly respond when an ORIGIN request is made. Unfortunately if you do not have control, you are limited and will have to setup a CORS proxy service.
Setup a CORS Proxy
You can create a proxy service, which means you will make an API that handles CORS but underneath makes requests to the real API. For quick development, there is a handy NodeJS module](https://www.npmjs.org/package/corsproxy) that will help you out. You can install it like using npm and start the proxy server.
npm install -g corsproxy corsproxy
The server will start up and you’ll be able to then make requests using the following syntax.
This works because CORS only applies to requests made by the browser, and the localhost:9292 server (which is the corsproxy server) can make that request to the real API without the OPTIONS preflight request.
If you wanted to setup a full time server, you can dig into it more with the great resource Enable CORS.
Have other issues or solutions?
I’d be happy to expand this resource with more information or solutions, just let me know in the comments!